No. 79: “The shadow of the moon leaking out from the clouds waving in the autumn breeze” (Kensuke Sakyo Dayu)
The representative figure of the Sutokuin poetry circle is Kensuke Fujiwara, also known as Kensuke Sakyo Dayu. His family was called ``Rokujo Fujiie,'' and it was a poetry house founded by his father, Akitsue.
Rokujo Fujiya is known for being the first to intentionally incorporate the poetics of the Manyoshu into waka poetry, and for his novel style of poetry at the time, which took the world by storm. The symbol of this is the ``Hitomaro Kageku'', in which they deified the sacred poet Hitomaro Kakimoto, held up his portrait, and dedicated songs to the poet in an attempt to clarify the legitimacy of the school of poetry. The fierce conflict between the Rokujofuji family and the Mikosa family in the ``Rokuhyakuban Utaase'', famous for ``Dokuko Kama-kubi'', was certainly a battle between the old and new poets, but in some respects it was also a battle between the ``Manyoshu'' and the ``Manyoshu'' VS. It was also a proxy war for the Kokinshu.
The second generation, Kensuke, was the great poet who most popularized the Rokujo Fuji family. He played an active role in the ``Kyuan Hyakushu'' and other poetry gatherings sponsored by the Sutokuin Temple, and eventually received an order from the Emperor to compile the ``Shika Wakashu.'' Rokujo poets tend to be seen as old-fashioned villains by fans of the Mikosaike, including Teika, but Kensuke's poems, such as this Hyakunin Isshu poem, are truly wonderful.
``The sheath of the moon's shadow leaking out from the clouds waving in the autumn breeze.''
A beautiful scene of an autumn night captured with all five senses. It is a complete landscape song that sings of the beauty in front of you, without any of the heavy emotions that are typical of waka. Thanks to Kensuke, Manyo's style of poetry, which is simple and allows anyone to feel beauty without reason, reached its highest level.
I feel that the later Kyogoku-ha* was not an offshoot of the Shinkokonka style, that is, the Mikosa family, but rather had its origins in Seimei, the Rokujo style.
*“A patch of clouds disappearing as they perch on the edge of a mountain with a clear sky and a rising moon” (Eifukumon-in Temple)
(Written by Uchida Engaku, a poet)
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