“One Year/Last Year/This Year” ~Four Beautiful Japanese Seasons (Part 1)~

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1. “Spring is coming within the year.”One year (Hitotose)ofLast year (kozo)Toyaihamuthis yearToyaihamu” (Motokata Ariwara)

This is the memorable first poem in the Kokin Wakashu, which contains 1,100 poems.
``Spring has come within the year. Should we call this past year last year? Shall we call it this year?'' Words related to time such as one year (hitotose), last year (kozo), and this year (kotoshi) are lined up. is.
It's made up of words I'm used to, but I don't quite understand the contents.

In fact, you can easily understand this once you know how the lunar calendar works.
In the lunar calendar, or lunisolar calendar, the discrepancy with the movement of the sun that occurred in the lunar calendar was resolved by inserting leap months. In years when there is a leap month, the year is longer, approximately 384 days, and the first day of spring, which marks the beginning of the new year, comes later in the year. This is called ``the first spring of the year''.

Masaoka Shiki dismisses this song as ``a boring song that doesn't even make a pun,'' but for Tsurayuki and his fellow selectors who were particular about arranging the songs in accordance with the progression of time, this song marked the beginning of the collection of ancient and modern waka poems. It was an indispensable song.

→Related article “The beginning of Japanese beauty! I saw Tsuneyuki's seriousness in the song for the first spring of the year.

(Written by Uchida Engaku, a poet)
→“Beautiful list of four seasons in Japanese

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