A squid song that tastes as good as a chrysanthemum (listening)


By the way, do you know the "surume song"? It means that the more you listen to a song, the more you enjoy it.
There are such songs in Japanese poetry as well. This is a song about ``Chrysanthemum'' that you must listen to.

Basically, flowers that are sung in waka poems, such as ``cherry blossoms'' in spring and ``hagi'' in autumn, are usually written to express sadness and regret over their changing, or ``fading''.
→Related article “How to love cherry blossoms

But chrysanthemums are different.
278 ``The color is bright, let's see the autumn chrysanthemums again, just like the flowers'' (Yomijin Shirazu)
279 “Autumn has come, and the time has come. The chrysanthemums are changing, and the colors have changed.” (Sadafumi Taira)

The more the color fades, the deeper the beauty becomes...
Flowers that sing in this way are rare.

By the way, most of the chrysanthemums sung in Japanese poetry are ``white chrysanthemums.''
272 “Is the white chrysanthemum standing in the autumn breeze a flower or a flower or a wave?” (Sugawara Michizane)
277 “A white chrysanthemum flower that folds in front of the first frost and closes the window for the heart” (Bonkochi Mitsune)

White chrysanthemums gradually turn purple when exposed to cold weather. Heian poets were impressed by this change and praised it as ``Nihofu again in Hitotose (one year).'' That's a beautiful way of looking at it.

By the way, there is no kun reading for chrysanthemum. In other words, this flower never existed in Japan and was first introduced from China. In China, chrysanthemums are considered one of the ``Four Gentlemen'' and are regarded as ``noble and noble flowers.''
*By the way, the other three are "plum," "bamboo," and "orchid."

When this idea was introduced to Japan, people began to appreciate its ``old and decayed'' appearance, so it is interesting to see how different countries have different aesthetic senses.

By the way, don't chrysanthemums seem quite unappealing to us today? I think it's probably because they have a strong image of being ``flowers for offerings.'' Along with the flowers, there was also a legend that ``Chrysanthemums are the spiritual herb of eternal youth and longevity!'', so they must have been considered suitable as Buddhist flowers.

There is also a song like this in waka.
270 “Chrysanthemum flowers are folded and decorated with dew, the eternal autumn sunrise” (Ki Tomonori)
276 "Autumn chrysanthemums are decorated with little flowers. Before the flowers, I'm in the dark." (Ki Tsurayuki)

This is a song about decorating your head with chrysanthemums and wishing you immortality. It seems to be auspicious, but compared to the song about white chrysanthemums, it is less gorgeous. However, the type of chrysanthemum that we imagine without this ``flower'' may be more common.

However, it is one of the national flowers (flowers that are considered symbols of the country), along with chrysanthemums and cherry blossoms. Did you know?
Ever since Gotobain used chrysanthemums as his personal seal, the imperial family crest has been the 168-layered chrysanthemum. You can see it on your regular fifty yen coin and in your passport!

Despite this, he has a very modest existence...
It would be a waste not to know the true beauty of chrysanthemums!

The Chrysanthemum Festival (September 9th of the lunar calendar) is almost here.
This year, please stand beside chrysanthemums and enjoy the beauty of change.
I stood by my side just for Kiku (to listen)...

(Written by Uchida Engaku, a poet)

Learn the basics of waka poetry and try reciting it!

We are holding a "Utajuku" with the goal of learning from representative classical works and being able to compose traditional "Waka" on an individual basis!

季刊誌「和歌文芸」
令和六年冬号(Amazonにて販売中)

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