Introductory Waka Poetry Class Special Edition “List of Poets and Official Ranks”

When reading not only waka but also classics, what you should know is ``official rank''.

Official rank is a general term for the ``rank'' that is a hierarchy within the Imperial Court and the ``officials'' that can be held, and is a systemical arrangement of the 12 ranks of crown ranks established in the Asuka period by the Taiho Rei and other regulations.
Ranks are divided into 30 ranks, from Shoichii to Shojochi, and among these, those with ranks of 5th rank and above are called aristocrats.

By the way, the super elite of the third rank and above were called court nobles, and it is said that there were about 20 to 30 such people.
It is said that the population of Heiankyo at that time was approximately 100,000 people, so the percentage was only 0.0x%.
We can see that the stories set in the aristocratic society that have been passed down to us, such as The Tale of Genji and The Pillow Book, are just narrow stories of a handful of privileged people at the time.
If you were to make the mistake of thinking that many women in the Heian period wore Juni-Hitoe, you would be seriously burned.

By the way, aren't you curious about the official ranks of those who remain as poets, such as Ki Tsurayuki and Fujiwara Teika?
Therefore, we created the ``List of Poets and Official Ranks''.
If you look at the list below, you can see the level of the poet at a glance!

The first thing you can see at first glance is that Ki Tsurayuki, the Kokin Wakashu selector, and Fujiwara Sadaie, the Shinkokin Wakashu selector, have completely different levels of official rank.
Although there is a gap of 300 years between the two, it can be said that ``the status of poetry increased'' as time passed, and it can also be said that the imperial court was ``only able to maintain its status through cultural things such as poetry.'' Masu.

Please look at this "List of Poets and Official Ranks" from such various perspectives.

"List of Poets and Official Ranks"

rank Government position (equivalent to the official rank of Dajokan) poet famous people in history
1 First rank Grand Minister of State Moroe Tachibana, Nakamaro Fujiwara, Sanemi Sanjo
2 Junior first rank Yoshitsune Fujiwara Yoshifusa Fujiwara, Michinaga Fujiwara, Kiyomori Taira, Hideyoshi Toyotomi, Ieyasu Tokugawa
3 Second rank Minister of the left, minister of the right Minamoto no Mitomo,Fujiwara Teika(Shinkokin Shushuu), Fujiwara Tameie (Zokugo Senshuu) Fujiwara Fuhito, Fujiwara Tokihira, Fujiwara Kinto, Fujiwara Yukinari, Minamoto no Yoritomo, Oda Nobunaga
4 Junior second rank Minister of the Interior Michizane Sugawara, Fujiwara Michitoshi (Goshui collection), Fujiwara Ietaka,Otomo Traveler
5 Sei Sani Dainagon Toshinari Fujiwara(1000 collections)
6 Junior third rank Chunagon Kensuke Fujiwara (Synopsis of Songs and Flowers),Otomo family(Selected Manyoshu),Minamoto no Yorimasa, Kiyoko Sugawara (Selected by Ryoun Collection)
7 Upper fourth rank Toshiyori Minamoto(Kinyo collection)
8 Seishi-4-lower councilor
9 Junior Fourth Rank Upper large valve Narihira Ariwara, Ono no Mori (Selected by Ryoun Collection)
10 Junior Fourth Rank Lower
11 Upper fifth rank Chuben Motosuke Kiyohara (later collected edition)
12 Seigoi lower rank small valve
13 Junior Fifth Rank Upper Shonagon Tsurayuki Ki(Kokin Shushuen)
14 Junior fifth rank lower Yamagami Noriyoshi, Kamo Nagaaki Nobushige Sanada
15 Upper Sixth Rank
Omission
30 low first rank

*“Dajokan” is an organization that is the center of politics in the Imperial Court and corresponds to the current Cabinet.

(Written by Uchida Engaku, a poet)

Learn the basics of waka poetry and try reciting it!

We are holding a "Utajuku" with the goal of learning from representative classical works and being able to compose traditional "Waka" on an individual basis!

季刊誌「和歌文芸」
令和六年冬号(Amazonにて版販売中)

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