[The Story of Hyakunin Isshu] No. 42: “What is Namikoshi Saji Matsuyama, the youngest of the people who tied his sleeves in a formal manner?” (Motosuke Kiyohara)

No. 42: “What is Namikoshi Saji, the youngest of Matsuyama, with his sleeves tied in a formal manner?” (Motosuke Kiyohara)

The poet, Motosuke, is the grandson of No. 36, Kiyohara Fukayachi, and the father of No. 62, Sei Shonagon. He was selected as one of the five people of Nashitsubo, and more than 100 poems are included in the imperial collection, making him one of the greatest masters of our time. By the way, Sei Shonagon confessed that he was not good at poetry, but even so, it is clear that his family background was the reason he was so knowledgeable and talented and gave birth to The Pillow Book.

Now, in order to interpret Hyakunin Isshu Uta, we first need to know the main poem, which is Toka (Mutsu Uta), which was included in Volume 20 of the Kokinshu.

``If I wake you up and protect you, if I have a heart of my own, I will be able to overcome the waves of Matsuyama at the end.'' (Yomi Hitojiro)

If I were to have an affair, the waves would probably overwhelm Matsuyama. On the other hand, there's no way the waves would cross Matsuyama, the youngest, so there's no way I would have any unfaithful feelings! This is the song.
``Sue no Matsuyama'' is a song pillow in Tagajo City, Miyagi Prefecture, and is said to be the Nihonmatsu pine tree that stands behind Hokokuji Temple in Tagajo City today. By the way, the waves in Tohoku remind you of the tsunami that occurred as a result of the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. In fact, the tsunami also reached Hokokuji Temple, about 2 kilometers inland from the coast, but it did not cause serious damage, with only the stone steps of the main shrine submerged in water *. There is a basis for the name ``Last Matsuyama Namikosaji.''

Returning to Motosuke's song, the promise of "not crossing the waves" is a thing of the past. In other words, the wave overcame the youngest Matsuyama, and he broke his promise and cheated on him. The lyrics say, ``A woman who changes her mind and falls in love with someone,'' and it seems that the woman who cheated on him was the one who cheated on him, and the man was so shocked that he couldn't write a song, so Motosuke composed one instead. Well, in any case, it's best not to trust people who easily say, "Not at all!"

※ → 『Two temples and neighborhood associations near Utamakura “Sue no Matsuyama” reach an agreement to save the lives of evacuees during the earthquake.

(Written by Uchida Engaku, a poet)

List of “Hyakunin Isshu Stories”

Learn the basics of waka poetry and try reciting it!

We are holding a "Utajuku" with the goal of learning from representative classical works and being able to compose traditional "Waka" on an individual basis!

季刊誌「和歌文芸」
令和六年冬号(Amazonにて販売中)

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