[The Story of Hyakunin Isshu] Ninety-one ``When the Kirigiri squawks, even a single person with clothes falls asleep on the frosty night'' (Gokyogoku, former Grand Minister of Regency)

Ninety-one ``When the Kirigiri squawks, even a single person with clothes falls asleep on the frosty night'' (Gokyogoku Regent, former Dajo Minister)

Yoshitsune was the second son of Fujiwara Kanezane, and by the way, Kanezane was the founder of the Kujo family, one of the Gosekke families, and Yoshitsune is also referred to as ``Kujo Yoshitsune''. His uncle was Jien, who was a master of Tendai and was also known as a poet, and I hear that he was excellent at not only Japanese poetry and Chinese poetry, but also calligraphy, so there is no doubt that he was the greatest nobleman of his time.

I learned waka from Toshinari Fujiwara. This is outstanding, and Tobain also said, ``It's strange (common sense doesn't apply)'', ``There are no ordinary songs'', and ``There are too many great poems (too good!)'' , a lot of praise.
His talent was not limited to just a single poet, but he led the court's poetry circle, hosted the historic ``Rokuhyaku Uta-ga'', and also became the head of the wakasho's guest list, and was involved in the compilation of the new collection of ancient and modern waka, even writing in kana. I also wrote it down. Yoshitsune is the most important poem of the new and ancient times, and 79 poems have been composed of it, followed by Saigyo and Jien, so you can fully understand his presence.

However, if these are aspects of ``light,'' Yoshitsune Fujiwara says that he also harbors a cruel amount of ``darkness'' on the other side.

The ``Kenkyu Coup'' in 1196, in which he and his father were exiled from the imperial court after falling prey to the machinations of his political enemy, Michichika Minamoto, is also a tragedy, but above all, he himself The death of
Yoshitsune had an eldest son named Yoshimichi, whom his father had high hopes for. However, when he was 22 years old, he suddenly died from an illness, and his father was deeply saddened. Yoshitsune was burdened with the expectations of the Kujo family, but he also died young at the young age of thirty-eight. The cause of his death is unknown, and the Gukansho only states that he died in his sleep, and there were rumors that he had been assassinated. In any case, the Kujo family must have been in despair, as their heirs died one after another, and he passed away before his father.

It may be taboo to superimpose a poet's life on the fictional art of waka, but Yoshitsune's songs seem to reflect his life. Nobility and beauty, but behind it lies emptiness. Hyakunin Isshu Uta is one of them.

“On a cold, frosty night when the crickets chirp, I will sleep alone with one sleeve of my robe spread out on the bamboo mat.”

It goes without saying that this is Hitomaro's honkatori.
“The tail of a mountain bird with its feet swaying, its tail long, and it sleeps all night long” (Kakimoto Hitomaro)

However, while Hitomaro's ``sleeping alone'' has the easy-going nature of Manyo, and even the humorousness of comparing the long night to the ``tail of a mountain bird,'' Yoshitsune's ``sleeping alone'' has the feeling of freezing to death at any moment due to the loneliness of absolute zero... He doesn't really have the time to joke. there is no.
(One interesting thing is that while Hitomaro's poem is included in the ``Koi'' section, Yoshitsune's is included in the ``Autumn'' section.It is true that ``Kirigirisu'' is included, but ``Koi'' is included in the ``Autumn'' section. ``Katashiki'' is just an expression of ``a lover who never comes,'' and no matter how you look at it, it's Yoshitsune's song that clearly expresses the agony of longing for love.)

Coupled with the historical background, there is a general sense of emptiness in the undercurrent of the new and ancient poets. However, Yoshitsune, in particular, crystallizes beauty with his beautiful lyrics, but these words disappear as soon as they are sung like minute snowflakes. It can be said that the atmosphere in the song* is strange.
Whether it was his human nature or the state he gained while living, either way, it seems like his bright and empty life is expressed in his songs.

*“Spring breeze blows on the empty branches of the Yoshino wildflowers” (Fujiwara Yoshitsune)
*“Even the falling flowers float in the world and become clouds, reflecting the endless sky in the pond water” (Yoshitsune Fujiwara)
*"I wonder if it's thin ice that disappears for a while and the bubbles of Mayofu water disappear between Iwama." (Yoshitsune Fujiwara)

(Written by Uchida Engaku, a poet)

List of “Hyakunin Isshu Stories”

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季刊誌「和歌文芸」
令和六年冬号(Amazonにて版販売中)

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